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The company reports the Zephyr EBV is the only device designed for emphysema that has a clinically-validated diagnostic tool – the Chartis System® – which can identify likely responders in order to optimize patient outcomes.
The filing was based on the successful execution of Pulmonx’s pivotal IDE trial, the LIBERATE Study, a landmark randomized controlled trial that enrolled 190 patients with severe emphysema at 24 centers in the U.S. and Europe. The trial endpoints at one year included measures of lung function, exercise tolerance and quality of life.
Three previous randomized controlled trials of the Zephyr EBV (TRANSFORM, IMPACT and STELVIO), in addition to LIBERATE, provide a robust body of evidence showing that the treatment improves breathing, exercise capacity and quality of life, while demonstrating long-term safety, in emphysema patients with little or no collateral ventilation as assessed with the Chartis System1,2,3.
Emphysema causes damage to the alveoli, the air sacs in the lungs, which allows air to escape and prevents patients from taking full breaths. This chronic breathlessness makes even the simplest daily activities difficult, such as washing, eating, walking and household chores, and often leads to patients becoming housebound and depressed. In fact, the quality of life for emphysema patients is worse than that for lung cancer4. As an incurable, progressive disease, emphysema can lead to early death without effective treatment options.
COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S., behind heart disease and cancer5. Because it is often underdiagnosed, it is estimated that between 12 million and 24 million Americans have COPD, costing the U.S. almost $50 billion in direct and indirect costs5. Almost five million Americans have a severe form of COPD known as emphysema5.
Pulmonx CEO Glen French reported, “We are proud to be leading the industry in developing rigorous and robust clinical evidence for this technology, which is consistently demonstrating the value of Zephyr EBVs in improving the lives of emphysema patients.” He concluded, “Assuming a positive reception from the FDA, we look forward to bringing the Zephyr EBV to U.S. pulmonologists and their emphysema patients who are desperately seeking new treatments.”
Zephyr EBVs are tiny, minimally-invasive, one-way valves placed via a flexible bronchoscope in airways in the lungs to block diseased regions and reduce lung hyperinflation. As a result, the remaining healthier regions of the lung can function more efficiently, enabling better breathing and an improved quality of life for patients.
Zephyr EBVs are widely used Europe, Australia, Asia and South America as a treatment for severe emphysema. Over the past 10 years, more than 50,000 Zephyr EBVs have been implanted globally in more than 12,000 patients.