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Orthognathic Surgery: Procedures and When to Consult a Dentist

Orthognathic surgery, also known as jaw surgery, is a specialized procedure aimed at correcting abnormalities or misalignments of the jaw and facial bones. This surgical intervention is typically performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons to address issues related to the structure and function of the jaw. In this article, we’ll delve into the procedures involved in orthognathic surgery and discuss when it’s crucial to consult a dentist for potential jaw-related concerns.

Orthognathic Surgery Procedures

1. Assessment and Diagnosis

The journey towards orthognathic surgery begins with a comprehensive assessment and diagnosis. Patients seeking this type of surgery often experience difficulties with biting, chewing, breathing, or speaking. Orthodontists and oral surgeons work together to evaluate the extent of the jaw misalignment and its impact on the patient’s overall oral health.

2. Orthodontic Preparation

Before surgery, patients usually undergo a pre-surgical orthodontic phase. This involves wearing braces to align the teeth properly. Orthodontic treatment helps create a stable and harmonious dental foundation, ensuring the teeth fit together correctly after the surgical correction of the jaw.

3. Surgical Planning

With the aid of advanced imaging techniques like X-rays and 3D scans, surgeons meticulously plan the surgical procedure. This step is crucial for precision, as it allows the medical team to visualize the exact adjustments required in the bones of the jaw.

4. Day of Surgery

On the day of the surgery, patients are placed under general anesthesia to ensure a pain-free and comfortable experience. The surgeon then makes precise incisions to access the jawbones. Depending on the nature of the misalignment, the upper jaw (maxilla), lower jaw (mandible), or both may be repositioned. The bones are secured in their new alignment using specialized plates, screws, or other fixation devices.

5. Recovery and Postoperative Care

Following surgery, patients go through a recovery period, during which they are monitored closely for any signs of complications. Pain management and a carefully prescribed diet are integral to the healing process. Postoperative care may also include physical therapy to facilitate the adjustment to the new jaw alignment.

6. Orthodontic Follow-Up

After the initial recovery, patients resume orthodontic treatment to fine-tune the alignment of their teeth. This phase is crucial for achieving the optimal functional and aesthetic outcomes of the surgery.

When to See a Dentist for Jaw Concerns

While orthognathic surgery is a specialized solution for severe jaw misalignments, there are various signs and symptoms that indicate the need to consult a dentist for an initial assessment. These include:

1. Difficulty Chewing or Biting

If you experience pain or discomfort while chewing or biting, it could be indicative of a jaw issue. This might be caused by misaligned teeth, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, or other underlying problems.

2. Persistent Jaw Pain or Headaches

Chronic jaw pain or frequent headaches, especially upon waking up, can be signs of a jaw-related problem. These symptoms may be associated with teeth grinding (bruxism) or misalignment issues that could benefit from orthodontic or surgical intervention.

3. Clicking or Popping Sounds in the Jaw

Audible clicking, popping, or grinding sounds when you open or close your mouth may indicate problems with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This joint connects the jaw to the skull and is essential for various oral functions.

4. Difficulty Speaking or Breathing

Misalignments in the jaw can sometimes affect speech or breathing patterns. If you notice changes in your ability to speak clearly or if you experience difficulty breathing, it’s advisable to seek dental consultation.

5. Uneven or Excessive Wear on Teeth

Abnormal wear patterns on your teeth, such as uneven or excessive wear, may suggest misalignments that could benefit from orthodontic evaluation. Uneven tooth wear can also contribute to further dental issues if left unaddressed.

6. Facial Imbalance or Asymmetry

Obvious facial imbalances or asymmetry, such as a visibly crooked jaw or uneven bite, may warrant a consultation with a dentist or orthodontist. Early intervention can prevent potential complications and improve both oral function and aesthetics.


Orthognathic surgery is a sophisticated solution for significant jaw misalignments, offering patients the opportunity to enhance both their oral function and facial aesthetics. However, it’s essential to be proactive in addressing minor jaw concerns as well. Regular dental check-ups and timely intervention can prevent the progression of issues, potentially eliminating the need for complex surgical procedures.

If you experience any of the mentioned symptoms, consulting with a dentist promptly can pave the way for a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and ensure the health and harmony of your jaw and oral structures.

Medical Device News Magazinehttps://infomeddnews.com
Medical Device News Magazine provides breaking medical device / biotechnology news. Our subscribers include medical specialists, device industry executives, investors, and other allied health professionals, as well as patients who are interested in researching various medical devices. We hope you find value in our easy-to-read publication and its overall objectives! Medical Device News Magazine is a division of PTM Healthcare Marketing, Inc. Pauline T. Mayer is the managing editor.

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